This is particularly relevant in major independent assignments. Often, the conclusion addresses the broader perspectives, but a separate section after the conclusion may also be dedicated to such considerations.
to highlight the importance and relevance of the results of the assignment.
to place the main findings of the assignment in a wider academic or societal context. Read about the academic assignment genre.
to point out future actions to be taken or aspects to be examined further.
Note that the perspectives section should be based on your own text and conclusion. This is not the place for grand theories or categorical claims that call for new evidence beyond your assignment.
Read about argumentation.
Are you uncertain about what to write in your perspectives section? Try nonstop writing. You may want to start all sentences with "The conclusion...".
Ask one or more fellow students to give you feedback on your perspectives section. Let them read your conclusion as well.